Located on both the Asian and European shores of the Dardanelles (straight, Hellespont), Çanakkale links the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean. It has always had an important strategic role. Pilgrims, conquering armies and trade caravans stopped here before or after crossing the Dardanelles. Çanakkale is a major historical site figuring prominently in mythology as well as ancient and recent history. It was the major strong-point in the defence of the Dardanelles from the time of the Trojans through World War I.
Though the weary waters of the Dardanelles, Çanakkale is a vibrant harbour town with a multicultural past and a busy seafront that is home to a replica of the Trojan horse used in the 2004 movie Troy. While the town undeniably made a convenient base for the World War I battlefields at Gallipoli, as well as the ruins of Troy, Çanakkale itself deserves to be on the visit list. The hauntingly beautiful town is also the starting point to the Turkish Aegean Islands of Gökçeada and Bozcaada.
Population: According to the 2013 census, the total population of Çanakkale is 502.328. The population of central Çanakkale is 149.881
Çanakkale-İstanbul: 199 miles (320 km.)
İstanbul to Çanakkale route involves ferry crossings between Gelibolu-Lapseki, Eceabat-Çanakkale and Klitbahir-Çanakkale
Çanakkale-Ankara: 407 miles (655 km.)
Çanakkale-İzmir: 202 miles (326 km. )
Çanakkale-Bursa: 168 miles (271 km.)
Çanakkale-Edirne: 134 miles (216 km.)
See distance to other cities from Çanakkale
Districts - Travel by Coach:
Frequent coach services connect Çanakkale city with 11 districts and many other cities. Çanakkale Coach Station has regular services to most of the popular towns and villages as well as providing links to many of the smaller destinations that visitors may like to reach.
See distance to 11 districts:
Flights from Ankara to Çanakkale: Every - Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Sunday - 08:30 am
Flights from Çanakkale to Ankara: Every - Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Sunday - 10:30 am
Places to Visit in Central Çanakkale
Mirror Bazaar (Passage Hallio)
The bazaar resembling a small Ottoman Bazaar of sorts (or bearing resemblance to Ottoman Bazaars) was built by Eliyau Hallio, then one of the notable persons of Juwish Community. The inscription on the lintel over the entrance is dated 1889 but there is not much information on how the name “Mirror” was originally given to the bazaar. Since its restoration, the Mirror Bazaar has been a popular destination with a variety of gift and souvenir shops for both international and domestic tourists.
Çanakkale Archaeology Museum
The museum has a collection of sculptural and archaeological artefacts from prehistoric age to modern age. The wide variety of objects distributed within five different halls and the garden are the findings from the ruins of Troy, Assos, Apollon Smintheion, Tenedos, Alexandreia Troas and Dardanos Tumulus.
Çimenlik Fortress (Kale-i Sultaniye)
The fortress overlooking the Dardanelles Strait was built in Fatih Sultan Mehmet’s time (15th century) to protect İstanbul from invasion. The fort’s thick walls were built to withstand attack by cannon and at the time of its completion, the fortress was a robust example of military architecture. But its location made it vulnerable to attacks of HMS Queen Elizabeth battleship during Gallipoli Campaign.
ÇTSO Çanakkale Centre
Çanakkale Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CTSO) Çanakkale Centre has been opened in order to develop the tourism potential of the city by promoting historical, touristic, cultural, social values and local products. The historic building has been opened to the public by CTSO to be at forefront for making the city prominent and to improve the quality of services given at the first step to visitors.
Surp Kevork Armenian Church
The church belonging to the Armenian Community is dedicated to St. Surp Kevork and was rebuilt in 1873 on the foundations of previous 7th century church. The building became a government-owned property after Armenians left the city in 1915 and now is the Culture House of 18 March University of Çanakkale.
The library was founded under the will of Manfred Korffman, the German archaeologist conducted excavations at Troy from 1988 up to 2005 in which he died of cancer.
Çanakkale City Museum
The museum is a good day out for anyone who wants to find out more about the city and, the collections and the exhibitons illustrate the different aspects of Çanakkale.
The Clock Tower with a four-sided clock faces on has for many years acted as a prominent landmark when giving directions or as a place to meet. It has nice architecture, very well kept and good for photos. The Municipality had the clock repaired after a long period of stoppage. It was bequeathed to Çanakkale by the then Italian Consul, Emilio Vitalis in 1897. The tower incorporating a drinking fountain on, is constructed all from Ayvalık Pink Andesite and narrows in 5 stages to the polygonal belfry stage then the decorated lead-coated spire.
The museum has an extensive collection of ceramic works. The examples one sees in the museum are one will rarely see in galleries. The content of the selections are a modern and traditional local motifs from different periods until the present and portraying Çanakkale life. The Museum is situated in a historical bath, vey well curated and organized, and the collections are presented in a fascinating manner.
Mekor Haim Synagogue
The Jewish Community has now vanished from the town. As the quorum needed before the synagogue could be used, religious services ceased when the town had a Jewish population of under 10. Every October, Jewish people from İstanbul gather together in the 120 year old synagogue to celebrate Shabbat (a day of rest and spiritual rejuvenation). Blessings are made and candles are lit.