Troy: Troy has been a major centre of ancient-world excavation going on for more than 100 years. From the Bronze Age (3000 BC) through the early Christian period, the city with nine main layers has been built on the same spot. Each human settlement located at different depths was destroyed by natural disasters (earthquake, fire), invasions or war that may have inspired Homer, the blind bard, to write the Iliad 400 years later. The Trojan War began because Paris the Prince of Troy ran away with King Menelaus’ wife, Helen. A famous legend tells how, in 1180 BC, the Greeks conquered the city of Troy by hiding inside the hollow of a giant wooden horse. The rest of the Greek army sailed away and the Trojans were tricked into believing that the war was over. The horse was left outside the city’s walls, and thinking it a gift, the people of Troy wheeled it inside and and celebrated victory. The Greek soldiers inside creeped out, opened the gates of Troy to their army, and entirely destroyed the city, slaughtered many of its inhabitants. Today, Troy is a Homeric tourist destination for seeing the replica wooden horse, the ancient walls and gazing the plains of Troy. There are also walking paths that lead through the ruins as well as tour guides on site and the Excavation House serves as a provisional museum with plans unveiled this year for a larger museum to be built on the site.